The Iranian authorities blocked access on sites Facebook and Twitter where users in Iran on Monday unexpectedly could come freely – for the first time since 2009 when the authorities blocked access to social networks to limit scope of protests of opposition.
TEHRAN, Sep 18. On Monday clients of a number of Internet service providers could come on Facebook and Twitter without the use of special computer programs.
However, the free access was explained only by technical failure, and now the government of Iran reinstalled again the filter.
The new president of Iran Hassan Rouhani who has a microblog in Twitter, promised to soften during election campaign censorship on the Internet.
After coming to power of Roukhani and his supporters who have called “the hope and moderation government”, many high-ranking Iranian officials began to use Facebook social network more openly.
Rouhani during election campaign said that the filters installed by the authorities “put up a mistrust wall between the government and the people, undermine economy and create obstacles in a way of development of positive application of the Internet”.
About that using social networks isn’t a crime, the secretary of the Supreme Council on safety in Majdi Akhvanabadi’s cyberspace declared also. However under laws of Iran the crime is committed by those Internet users who bypass official filters to come on the forbidden sites.
Nevertheless, minister of communications Mahmoud Vaezi declared on September 11 that at Presidential Administration the committee which will consider pages in the social networks, belonging to officials will be created.
The new Minister of Foreign Affairs of Iran Mohammad Javad Zarif is the only official who has openly recognized existence of the account in Facebook which it opened in 2009 so it is possible to call him the pioneer in this regard.
After on August 15 this year the Iranian parliament approved it as the head of foreign policy department of the country, Mohammad Javad Zarif began to update regularly the page in a social network, and it began to gain popularity promptly. Today for its page “prest the like button” more than 178 thousand people.
The minister uses the account to inform them on the work, and also to express the point of view on different questions. He writes generally in the Persian language, but sometimes and in English.
During antigovernmental protests in Iran in 2009 of Facebook became powerful “weapon” in hands of the demonstrators who have mobilized with its help of many inhabitants of Iran in the ranks. Besides, participants of protests exposed videoclips about dispersals of demonstrations in Youtube and on other sites in a world wide web.
The authorities reacted a number of restrictive measures, including a ban on Facebook and installation of filters.
Nevertheless many Iranians continue to come on Facebook and other social networks, bypassing a ban and filters. According to some information, the number of users of Facebook in Iran reaches 20 million.
In spite of the fact that Facebook is forbidden, since December, 2012 there was an account of the Supreme leader of Iran of ayatollah Ali Khamenei (www.facebook.com/www.Khamenei.ir) which is considered original.